By Louis Niemand, Investment Director
Most investors have been disappointed with returns over the past three years. For example, multi-asset portfolios have struggled, with the average SA Multi-Asset High Equity unit trust posting 3.4% per annum over the three years ended March 2018.1 While disappointing, this is unsurprising given that the available asset classes have delivered low returns individually. As can be seen in Table 1, four of the seven primary asset classes came in with negative real returns (absolute return less inflation).
Table 1: Annualised returns from the primary asset classes over the three years ending March 2018
|THREE YEARS (P.A.)|
|SA equities (ALSI)||5.1%|
|SA bonds (ALBI)||8.6%|
|Listed property (SAPY)||-0.5%|
|Offshore equities (MSCI ACWI, ZAR)||7.3%|
|Offshore bonds (Barclays Global Aggregate, ZAR)||2.4%|
|Offshore cash (US Libor, ZAR)||0.0%|
Source: Bloomberg, Investec Asset Management as at 31.03.18. All returns are gross of fees.
The traditional engines of portfolio growth, equities (both local and offshore) fell below 10% per annum over the period. Domestic bonds surprised on the upside on the back of a last-minute reprieve from downgrade to junk status by global rating agencies. Although global equities delivered above-inflation returns in dollars, rand strength sapped the returns of local investors.
With these disappointing returns from markets, despondent investors may be wondering why they should stay invested. History shows that a negative real return from equity markets over the short to medium term is not that uncommon, but over the long term equities remain the primary driver of investors’ wealth. Over the last 27 years (since the start of 1990), the local equity market delivered a return of 13.9% p.a., well above inflation of 7.4% p.a. We acknowledge that factors such as income requirements mean most investors do not have a 27-year investment horizon.
Examining rolling three-year periods is more useful for such investors. Figure 1 below puts the last three years’ real return of -0.7% p.a. (5.1% return p.a. minus 5.8% inflation per year) in perspective when compared to returns since the start of 1990.
Figure 1: Rolling three-year real return p.a. on the FTSE/JSE All Share Index January 1990 to March 2018
Source: Bloomberg as at 31.03.18. The graph depicts the three-year annualised nominal return on the FTSE/JSE All Share Index minus the three-year annualised inflation.
The average real return of all three-year periods was 8.4% p.a. However, a closer look reveals that there were a number of periods where investors experienced negative real returns over the medium term. Table 2 below highlights some of the historical performance trends. Investors have needed to tolerate negative real return periods, in order to enjoy the long-term benefits of equities. The average real return (p.a.) over the three years following all negative three-year periods is 13.7%. Abandoning the market at the point of discomfort is a traditional mistake and we urge investors to seek advice before taking action on the basis of regret or fear.
Table 2: Real return profile of the ALSI over all three-year periods since January 1990
|Average real return (p.a.) over all three-year periods||8.4%|
|No. of three-year periods receiving negative real returns||72 out of 268|
|Percentage of all three-year periods that real returns were negative||27%|
|Average real return (p.a.) over the three years following all negative three-year periods||13.7%|
|No. of periods receiving negative real returns three years after a negative three-year real return period||4 out of 72|
Source: Bloomberg as at 31.03.18.
There will always be periods of disappointment where investment returns fall short of inflation over the medium term. When looking at domestic equities, it happened approximately 27% of the time over all three-year periods since 1990. Equity markets are by their nature volatile – but equally, have rewarded persistent and patient investors with attractive real returns over the long term. Now is not the time to lose courage, but to cleave to long-term plans drawn up with cool heads – plans intended to help investors weather these uncomfortable times.
1Source: Morningstar, as at 31.03.18. Returns of the A share class are based on a lump sum investment, calculated on a NAV-to-NAV basis, net of fees, with gross income reinvested.
All information provided is product related, and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. We are not acting and do not purport to act in any way as an advisor or in a fiduciary capacity. No one should act upon such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of a particular situation. This is not a recommendation to buy, sell or hold any particular security. Collective investment scheme funds are generally medium to long term investments and the manager, Investec Fund Managers SA (RF) (Pty) Ltd, gives no guarantee with respect to the capital or the return of the fund. Past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance. The value of participatory interests (units) may go down as well as up. Funds are traded at ruling prices and can engage in borrowing, up to 10% of fund net asset value to bridge insufficient liquidity, and scrip lending. A schedule of charges, fees and advisor fees is available on request from the manager which is registered under the Collective Investment Schemes Control Act. Additional advisor fees may be paid and if so, are subject to the relevant FAIS disclosure requirements. Performance shown is that of the fund and individual investor performance may differ as a result of initial fees, actual investment date, date of any subsequent reinvestment and any dividend withholding tax. There are different fee classes of units on the fund and the information presented is for the most expensive class. Fluctuations or movements in exchange rates may cause the value of underlying international investments to go up or down. Where the fund invests in the units of foreign collective investment schemes, these may levy additional charges which are included in the relevant Total Expense Ratio (TER). A higher TER does not necessarily imply a poor return, nor does a low TER imply a good return. The ratio does not include transaction costs. The current TER cannot be regarded as an indication of the future TERs. Additional information on the funds may be obtained, free of charge, at www.investecassetmanagement.com. The Manager, PO Box 1655, Cape Town, 8000, Tel: 0860 500 100. The scheme trustee is FirstRand Bank Limited, PO Box 7713, Johannesburg, 2000, Tel: (011) 282 1808. Investec Asset Management (Pty) Ltd (“Investec”) is an authorised financial services provider and a member of the Association for Savings and Investment SA (ASISA). This document is the copyright of Investec and its contents may not be re-used without Investec’s prior permission. Issued by Investec Asset Management, May 2018.